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한국지진공학회|논문집 2024년 5월

논문명 근거리 지진관측자료의 S파를 이용한 지진규모 평가 연구 / A Study on Estimating Earthquake Magnitudes Based on the Observed S-Wave Seismograms at the Near-Source Region
저자명 연관희 ; 최신규 ; 이강렬
발행사 한국지진공학회
수록사항 한국지진공학회 논문집, Vol.28 No.3(통권 159호) (2024-05)
페이지 시작페이지(121) 총페이지(8)
ISSN 1226-525X
주제분류 구조
주제어 ; Earthquake early warning; Near-Source region; S-Wave spectra; Earthquake magnitude; Stress drop
요약2 There are growing concerns that the recently implemented Earthquake Early Warning service is overestimating the rapidly provided earthquake magnitudes (M). As a result, the predicted damages unnecessarily activate earthquake protection systems for critical facilities and lifeline infrastructures that are far away. This study is conducted to improve the estimation accuracy of M by incorporating the observed S-wave seismograms in the near source region after removing the site effects of the seismograms in real time by filtering in the time domain. The ensemble of horizontal S-wave spectra from at least five seismograms without site effects is calculated and normalized to a hypocentric target distance (21.54 km) by using the distance attenuation model of Q(f)=348f0.52 and a cross-over distance of 50 km. The natural logarithmic mean of the S-wave ensemble spectra is then fitted to Brune’s source spectrum to obtain the best estimates for M and stress drop (SD) with the fitting weight of 1/standard deviation. The proposed methodology was tested on the 18 recent inland earthquakes in South Korea, and the condition of at least five records for the near-source region is sufficiently fulfilled at an epicentral distance of 30 km. The natural logarithmic standard deviation of the observed S-wave spectra of the ensemble was calculated to be 0.53 using records near the source for 1~10 Hz, compared to 0.42 using whole records. The result shows that the root-mean-square error of M and ln(SD) is approximately 0.17 and 0.6, respectively. This accuracy can provide a confidence interval of 0.4~2.3 of Peak Ground Acceleration values in the distant range.
소장처 한국지진공학회
언어 한국어
DOI https://doi.org/10.5000/EESK.2024.28.3.121