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대한건축학회|건축(대한건축학회지) 2014년 2월

기사명 [특집] Optimizing Everywhere / [special issue] Optimizing Everywhere
저자명 Luca Frattari
발행사 대한건축학회
수록사항 건축(대한건축학회지) , v.58 n.02(2014-02)
페이지 시작페이지(45) 총페이지(5)
ISSN 12251666
주제분류 법규(제도,정책)
요약2 Nowadays optimization is considered a common concept, almost everybody has become familiar with it; however, considering how it may be applied to architecture is a very interesting and unique opportunity. The performance of traditional geometries, models, components and materials can be improved by transferring advanced optimization technology application techniques from the aerospace and automotive industries to architecture. This article will briefly highlight potential areas of synergy between structural optimization, geometry and rapid prototyping techniques. After a brief overview of the current challenges faced by the architectural discipline, two simple examples, an aerospace bracket and a bridge, will be briefly presented to show how structural optimization can be transferred from an advanced simulation domain like aerospace to architectural design. Advanced structural optimization is a very new topic for Architecture so that the quote from Arthur C. Clarke "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic" [1] (also known as Clarke's third law) fits perfectly the reaction that some user can experience when approaching a new technology like the one presented in the article. Therefore, before dive into the optimization field it would be of help to narrow the meaning of Innovation as the combination of exploration, inspiration, evolution and technology oriented to improve the quality of life. Moreover, Innovation is an evolutionary process to create and refine products and processes in any field of application. But how Innovation can help architects and engineers in win today's challenges and the increasingly more demanding standards for constructions? Simulation may represent the solution to establish a reliable procedure to achieve complex tasks while improving the quality of designs. Simulation is a quite intuitive concept; however, the real challenge is to adopt a suitable and userfriendly technology to perform simulation analyses. That would be the key to spread the word of simulation, giving designers the right tools to optimize their designs while create innovative, lightweight and sustainable projects. In fact a smart tool should allow designers to save material, energy, time and achieving efficient results. That is why Optimization can be considered as an evolutionary form of Simulation. The second aim of the present article is to create awareness that advanced simulation technology can be truly user-friendly and that can deliver innovation. The approach presented may finally open the boundaries between optimization, materials, architecture, engineering and design, making simulation available to a vast audience of creative architect and designers. The contents are in line with the contemporary strive of the digital community to provide a digital design environment increasingly easier to use.
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